In the tech world of today, it is easy to adopt the latest trends, especially when new frameworks emerge with new pre-coded modules and guaranteed lightning-fast speed. These days, mobile applications are more widespread than ever before. This extensive development has been made possible by the fact that smartphones have become much so much popular and faster, with mobile networks grown to that point to enable us to always stay connected to the web.
Android and iOS are two traditional mobile operating systems. When developing an app for your business, there’s always a big challenge regarding what platform to prefer to make the best customer engagement. Both – Flutter and React Native are considered as the fastest-developing cross-platform development languages to create native mobile apps for iOS and Android devices. Both of these are cross-platform mobile frameworks with great functionality, powerful user communities, and a tremendous number of pre-programmed modules that help you increase your development speed.
Without knowing the differences between React Native and Flutter, you cannot reach an appropriate decision to make your next project on the appropriate foundation. It does not matter what app you want to develop whether a transportation app, medical app, on-demand delivery app, or a music app – you need to know all the requirements of your project, to carefully pick a framework. It can be challenging to pick between Flutter and React Native. The most popular cross-platform development choice is React Native developed by Facebook, but now there is a new entry on the table i.e. Flutter developed by Google. While Flutter is not yet as mature, but its initial tests imply that it has huge potential.
To resolve your confusion, we will be comparing both these frameworks – Flutter vs React Native so that it becomes clear which framework will serve you the best for your next development project. It is important to weigh both these options, understand their pros and cons, to pick an implementation path that meets your requirements.
Flutter vs React Native – Overview
Released in 2018, Flutter is a cross-platform user interface system designed by the Google community to speed up the growth and development of attractive native apps. Flutter is free to use, it utilizes an object-oriented programming language known as Dart. It is regarded as one of the leading open-source frameworks with a comprehensive development ecosystem.
Flutter – Use Cases
- MVP mobile applications.
- Applications that work with OS-level features and material design.
- Adaptable UI with high-level widgets.
- Advanced OS plugins with simplistic logic.
- Reactivate apps with broad data integration.
Popular Apps Made with Flutter
- Google Ads
Some Noteworthy Stats About Flutter:
- Around 68.8% of the developing world loves Flutter.
- 7.2% of the community chooses Flutter because of the popularity of its libraries and tools.
- About 39% of people use Flutter to create cross-platform mobile applications.
- Play Store alone has now above 150,000 Flutter apps.
React Native – Use Cases
- Simple cross-platform applications.
- Apps with uncomplicated UI.
- Quick prototype applications.
- Apps with reusable elements.
- Apps that work with synchronous APIs.
Popular Apps made with React Native
Some Noteworthy Stats About React Native:
- Around 40% of developers in 2020 were reported to employ React Native for the development of cross-platform applications.
- Around 58% of the developing community prefers using React Native.
- About 11.5% of developers choose React Native for its essential libraries and tools.
Flutter vs React Native – Pros and Cons
Advantages of Flutter
1) Hot reloading
As the platform allows the developer to view applied changes in real-time, without losing the application state, this helps save time resulting in higher productivity and efficiency.
The most remarkable feature of Flutter is how it utilizes ready-made apps, guaranteeing a consistent development and design model. It provides rich widgets based on google, they produce high-quality code and work better as compared to other open-source frameworks.
3) Seamless integration
It smoothly integrates with Objective C or Swift for iOS, and Java for Android. This indicates no need for re-writing code.
4) Code sharing
Codes that are written are easily shared across platforms, which makes it excellent for MVP development.
5) Customized design
Flutter includes an open-source, high-performance graphic engine called Skia which enables the users to produce custom-designed applications that give fairly great experiences on both Android and iOS devices.
6) Quick shipping
This feature saves building time with quick iteration cycles, as testing is needed only for one single codebase.
Disadvantages of Flutter
1) No third-party libraries
Flutter is one of the latest platforms in the market for mobile app development, it is still growing and therefore provides limited choices for third-party libraries and tools.
2) Large File Size
This is another disadvantage of Flutter, having a large file size of its apps. Having a small file size gives you improved runtime and performance. Plus, mobile users need sufficient memory space for storing larger apps.
3) Skill Requirement
Flutter requires programmers to learn DART first. With this requirement of an added phase of learning, Flutter can increase the cost and time of any project.
Not able to immediately push updates and patches into applications without passing through the standard release processes.
Advantages of React Native
1) Native rendering
React Native uses a host platform to natively render APIs without any requirement for CSS or HTML mark-up.
2) Optimal Performance
React Native interacts with native Android and iOS elements and moves further to produce native API codes that are free of any interference. The utilization of precisely different threads from native APIs and UIs in React Native results in performance enhancement.
Leverages strong ecosystem and UI libraries to automatically re-render app appearance with every state change.
React Native provides accessibility to smart debugging tools and error reporting.
5) Hot reloading
Hot reloading enables changes in the source code to make the developer view codes, even if he/she does not recompile the app or add new codes directly into a live application.
6) Modular architecture and Simplified UI
React native provides a modular design and architecture that allow developers to immediately update apps. It has a simple and less complex user interface and uses a software interface to eliminate unnecessary elements to gain proper sequencing for building apps.
Disadvantages of React Native
1) Complex User Interface
React Native may not work as the right choice for you if you need to produce a mobile application consisting of various transitions, animations, and interactions. As the native rendering of APIs may not support some native UI components, which may make the UI look a little off.
2) Tools and Plugins
Third-party libraries that are used for more advantageous implementation may turn out to be outdated.
Lack of multi-processing and parallel threading support may result in slow performance.
4) Compatibility and Debugging Issues
Chrome debugger might be awkward to edit, inspect codes, and UI components accurately. You need to allow its integration with Flipper to overcome this problem, as Flipper provides a set of tools for the debugging process.
Flutter vs React Native – Detailed Comparison
In each case, as you think investing in mobile development, it’s essential to consider the options and pick an implementation path that fits your requirements. These influencing factors are obvious to nearly all businesses throughout the globe and would present a clear picture to make better-informed decisions.
Flutter and React Native are both open-source projects, both these frameworks promote hot reloading. This increases production efficiency by reducing the requirement to pause and restart your apps to see updates. Flutter does not need a bridge to interact between the native modules due to the default availability of native elements but React Native does need a bridge, so React Native is weak in performance as compared to Flutter.
2) Design and Graphics
React Native acquires native visual components and appearance that gives a personalized, seamless experience. Also, while updating the operating system, the app elements get updated individually to maintain similarity and feel to other native applications.
Flutter makes it simpler to implement a conventional neutral style for all devices to save up on project scope. In Flutter, the apps look similar irrespective of the device model and OS version. Navigation along with other elements remain unchanged unless deliberately upgraded.
3) Demand and Cost
Although, both these frameworks are designed by the world’s two largest tech titans with permission-free licenses. Flutter is relatively easy and resistant to the changes produced by operating system updates. On the other hand, React Native is profoundly dependent on native components for added adaptation efforts in case of system updates.
5) Compatibility, App features
Flutter supports several recommendations on Android and iOS devices. Several times, you might need native development for both React Native and Flutter for exceptional features. Though the writing portion can address some difficulties, eventually, it leads to a reduction in maintenance.
6) Mapping and geolocation
The Google team offers a variety of Plugins for Flutter. These plugins provide a positive experience of tracing features in the applications. Though React Native runs fine with one-time tracking, but some problems can still occur with constant tracking that can only be resolved by writing parts in the device’s native programming language.
7) Security features
Both these technologies offer high levels of security for mobile apps to satisfy regulatory criteria. However, it is recommended to use fewer third-party libraries. Plus, it is always better if less data needs to be stored on the client-side. Also, extra login verification is needed when the user exits the program or locks the screen as these authentication tokens can expire.
8) Community Support
A large community of contributors is important to success in open-source development. The point that React Native gives these facilities is exceptional. This framework has quickly earned popularity among Facebook developers. You can easily get information on different React Native social media outlets. Flutter is more diminutive than React Native but is developing much more quickly. It is growing increasingly popular too. To obtain the best from the community of Flutter vs React Native, utilize these Google Flutter apps!
Final Verdict – Flutter vs React Native: Which to Choose?
After analysing several parameters of these frameworks, Flutter vs React Native still has no clear winner. This is because each project is different, picking the appropriate framework depends entirely on your project parameters and business requirements. Both frameworks – Flutter and React Native are incredible frameworks that can help you develop a cross-platform application more quickly and easily than any other majority of native tools that are available today.
Frequently Asked Questions:
React Native and Flutter are both cross-platform app development solutions specially designed to incorporate the demands of today’s business. Picking either of the two would ensure:
> Faster deployment
> Cost reduction
> Reusable code
> Support to multiple platforms
Both these frameworks are the product of two technology titans i.e. Facebook and Google. Furthermore, regular updates are provided for both platforms to adapt to changes make them future proof. Both of these would soon become the favourites among developers during the long run.
React Native relies on third-party libraries to access most of its native modules, while the Flutter framework is comprised of UI rendering elements and device access APIs, navigation, and testing. Hence, for a better user interface, you should always pick Flutter.
React Native is largely reliant on native components for added adaption efforts in the event of system changes which makes it less secure and reliable. On the other hand, Flutter is a basic framework that is resistant to modifications made by operating system updates, thus it provides more reliability and security.