It is really interesting to assess the similarities and differences between technologies. Though it’s not like we want to begin another programming language conflict, it is really fun to take a new look at an acquainted technology and put it into view.
Also, it’s normal for developers and business owners to be faced with the decision between two or more options, either it’s a new career move or a technology stack range for a fresh project.
This article aims to explain the similarities and differences between Java and .NET. The reason for these two is because most times Java developers tend to switch to .NET and vice versa.
These two great technologies are generally known as the main options for complicated, large-scale application development in the enterprise sector.
What do Java and .NET have in common?
They look alike
Another wonderful similarity between Java and .NET is the working mutual syntax. Java is mainly influenced by C++. At the same time, C# shares certain syntax distinctive with other C-style languages, including C, C++, and Java itself.
They are compatible with Complex applications
Both Java and .NET framework are flawless enterprise-level technologies. They work wonderfully well with complex architectures, high-load systems, and big data applications. They are both dependable and scalable solutions for most large-scale projects.
They are unique for different scenarios
Java is considered to be an extra-ordinarily multi-purpose language. Can you remember the slogan which says, “write once, run anywhere?” At the same time, the .NET framework can also run-on desktop and server (including mobile) applications.
Major Difference Between Java and .Net
Java is essentially a programming language, while .Net is a framework. Java is known as a platform with JE frameworks such as J2EE. JEE, etc. It possesses a Java runtime environment that has JVM, just in time compiler and bytecode writer. It is a language with various libraries that can be used on any operating system. .Net, however, make use of the Windows Operating System, Windows enterprise servers. Its framework comprises of Common Language Runtime, framework class libraries, and ASP.NET. It also has a personal building block services and visual studio.
.Net has a proprietary platform of Microsoft which is extremely safe than any other open-source platform. Security is a significant concern, which is simply managed by Asp.Net developers as a closed platform. For Java, the lack of resources security can cause a problem. The common Language Runtime of .Net is much better than JVM. JVM just converts the code into bytecode for basic operating systems. And it is not directed for computing machines, it is a little slower than CLR. Java has lots of IDEs for its programming such as Eclipse, NetBeans, etc. Net, however, has a Visual Studio.
Comparison Between Java And .Net
1. Basic Differences
Java is known as a programming language that can work on any operating system. Java also offers a Java virtual machine (JVM) which enables code successfully to run on any device and any operating system. Thus, it is regarded to be a portable language. Java also supports languages like Python, Ruby, etc.
.Net is majorly known to be a framework. It focuses only on Windows and supports diverse versions of Windows. .Net supports languages like C#, C++, VB.NET, etc. It supports diverse web services by default since it is built in.
2. Integrated Development Environment
Java IDEs 4offers a code editor, debugger, compiler and elements such as Maven which help in developing the code without stress. There are other IDEs such as, Eclipse, NetBeans, IntelliJ IDEA which make the development process simpler. The platforms are user-friendly and even beginners can use them without stress. Eclipse has many plugins that enable developers to write good code and also get to test it.
Visual Studio is integrated with .net. It includes lots of features such as language-specific environments. The .net IDE serves as a single workspace which has many document interfaces which assists in development activities such as editing, compiling, etc. The major feature of this IDE is that it offers form creation at design time. Therefore, it saves time and enhances speedy development. It also helps in the customization of appearance and behavior of application using various macros.
3. Performance, Compatibility and other factors
Java is an interpreted language and therefore the code is not converted to machine language until its being launched. With JAVA, LINQ is not available. Java 7 can use a switch statement on a string variable but not on the older frameworks.
LINQ allows a user to write queries directly rather than making use of stored procedures. .Net is compiled and run on the operating system where the code is deployed. C# allows users to use a switch statement on a string variable.
4. Advantages and Disadvantage
Java is a portable language and therefore it can be run on any operating system. You can develop your application or website on any platform without stress.
Java commonly calls database less often as all its domain objects are presently ready. Lots of integrating connectors are readily available for Java and they are available on the internet easily. Also, code written in Java is backward compatible and can be easily moved from one operating system to another.
One of the disadvantages of Java is security. Security is usually compromised in platform-agnostic solutions. And also, Scala is incompatible with Groovy, so it requires better development skills. Although multi-platform makes Java special, it tends to make Java slower.
Microsoft offers a complete unified environment as .Net platform. It offers complete scalability which gives all tools and IDEs over the Microsoft network.
The disadvantage of .Net is that support is available for the Entity framework only. It restricts the object-relational support. The managed code runs slower than the native code in this framework. The developers have to always rely on Microsoft for updates, features, and enhancements.
Java possesses a three-tiered architecture that allows developers to develop tiered web applications. It is no doubt one of the best languages for enterprise web development.
.Net also offers a multi-tier framework which has functions where business logic and data are captured.
It also provides the best platform as a framework and offers automatic garbage collection.
Java vs .Net are extraordinary languages and they rely on the developer’s skills, requirements, and the infrastructure whether Java or .Net is to be used. It is required that a user must calculate the project costs for both Java and .Net platforms.
And if they depend on Windows more, then they can go for .Net. Java is sufficient for web projects but .Net works effective for projects that involve web services and API.
Thus, it is best to analyze your requirements by checking your preference for both Java vs .Net languages which will help you conclude a language for your use. The most important thing is the entire operational efficiency of your business.